2006 saturn vue battery

Successfully chiped my V2 Switch with a RP2040 Zero

2023.06.08 17:28 Unique_Okra2898 Successfully chiped my V2 Switch with a RP2040 Zero

Successfully chiped my V2 Switch with a RP2040 Zero submitted by Unique_Okra2898 to SwitchPirates [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 15:57 National-Yak-4772 Imu’s name (1086+ spoilers)

So we know the 3 ancient weapon names. We have:
All three are named after planets. Or at least, Pluto was considered a planet back when Oda revealed it 😂 He revealed it in Ch 192, which came out in 2001! Long time ago. Pluto was reclassified in 2006.
So anyways, recently in the manga we learned one of the 5 elders’ names- Saturn. And now we know the rest of their names, all based on planets! Except Earth.
Imu backwards is Umi, which means “sea”. Earth is the blue planet.
As a side note, at least SOME of the ancient weapons have powers that we can connect to their names. Poseidon, the god of sea, is an underwater weapon. Uranus, the god of sky, is most likely an airship. Maybe the rest have powers related to their names, too?
submitted by National-Yak-4772 to OnePiece [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 15:37 vermilionphoto [S] [USA-VA] Olympus E-500 EVOLT 4/3 CCD sensor DSLR, 2 batteries, charger, 50mm f2 ED macro lens, 14-45mm f3.5-5.6, 40-150mm f3.5-4.5 lenses, and FL-36 speedlight

Selling my crop-sensor Olympus E-500 8MP system; I am the sole owner since 2006; 8,388 shutter actuations. Comes with all items pictured (camera, lenses, batteries, flash, charger, strap, caps, UV filters on lenses, etc). All items in good working condition and minor cosmetic wear. Asking $250 + shipping. Will throw in an 8GB CompactFlash memory card (camera takes both CF and xD memory cards).
Will take PayPal or Venmo.
submitted by vermilionphoto to photomarket [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 00:51 Just-my-anon-account Someone is selling a 2007 Saturn Vue 96k miles for 1,500. Stuck in 3rd gear. Should I go for it?

submitted by Just-my-anon-account to askcarsales [link] [comments]

2023.06.08 00:23 scoobertunleashed 2006 Ford Taurus won't start after replacing the battery and starter

As the title suggests, I replaced the battery and starter on my 2006 Ford Taurus. Shortly after (maybe about a day or two) a message saying " check charging system" appeared on the dashboard. A couple of days after it has completly stopped and is stalling when trying to turn on the ignition. Any help will be much appreciated!
submitted by scoobertunleashed to Cartalk [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 21:17 Technical-Dingo5093 1999 VW Bora 1.6, replaced defective battery, engine starts, but immediatly dies after 1-2seconds

I have a 1999 VW Bora 1.6. I intended to keep it running for 5 more months since then I get a leasing car from my job. It's not worth buying anything for that short time and renting is expensive. I am just finishing university and don't have much cash for expensive repairs (that job where I'll get that car is my 1st job)
The car ran just fine until this week, it suddenly wouldn't start, no turning over, no electricity, no lights, no radio.. Tried jumpstarting with someone else's car -> Nothing, checked all fuses, checked if all cables were connected properly under the hood, tried to clean terminals and connections. concluded it was the battery that died, given the battery is from 2006.
Now I bought a new battery, succesfully installed it myself. Got electricity working again, turned the ignition, the engine starts and immediatly just dies. For a brief moment it runs just fine and you can even rev the engine into high rpm's during that brief moment by pressing the gas, but after about a second rpm just goes to zero and engine stops. Even if you keep pressing the gas, revving the engine, it just stops.
I am wondering what this could be?
submitted by Technical-Dingo5093 to autorepair [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 20:01 globalgreg A/C compressor clutch DOES engage but no a/c, pressure at 72psi

Am I looking at replacing the compressor?
2006 Saturn Vue
submitted by globalgreg to AskMechanics [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 17:10 SpringBean Living on $34,000 for the next 2 years, looking at new cars

Hey there! I can spend ... well, ideally under $26,000 straight up so I can live on the rest comfortably, but I'm looking for a car that can ideally tow ~2500lb+, gets above 30mpg, can fit camping gear, hybrid/electric would be cool but non-essential because of how unethical battery construction still is, & not too much road noise.
I plan to mix between city driving, cross-country, national park exploration & hauling the occasional teardrop/cargo hitch...

I've been looking at the 2023 Sienna, Prius, Prius Prime, Kia Niro, Vezna(isn't that a D&D boss?), & the Corolla Cross...
From the Martinsburg, WV area, I've been looking at used cars too but fear having to replace the hybrid battery too soon or other issues...

It's rare for me to ask for advice like this, and I appreciate your time just reading this!
Any hidden gem cars, wise new car buys or things to look out for are welcome... This is the biggest economic choice I've ever made.
https://crownautova.com/used-2006-toyota-highlanderhybrid-limited-falls%20church-va-22046/vd/444231 My top contender
submitted by SpringBean to whatcarshouldIbuy [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 14:33 ReferenceEvening8476 2006 saturn ion 3 running tailights and dash lights won’t work. i replaced 3 of the 15 amp fuses and all the bulbs thinking those were it but nothing :/ help?

submitted by ReferenceEvening8476 to Saturn_Cars [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 12:41 Meaning-Plenty O’ Pir Panchal

After remaining invincible and impregnable for centuries, the mighty Pir Panchal is witnessing enormous developmental activity for a new expressway, a challenging railway line and most of the dam-fed hydropower projects involving an investment of tens of thousands of crores. At places, this is triggering the fragile range to cave in at the cost of homes and livelihoods of age-old villages, a situation that experts believe could have been avoided with better pre-feasibility studies and sophisticated project implementation, reports Masood Hussain
Anticipated for years, finally, the increased incidence of land subsidence and sinking in the Pir Panchal Mountains is Jammu and Kashmir’s new normal. The young fragile and unstable mountain range separating Kashmir from the rest of the world is in news frequently as the slopes housing small habitations for centuries are caving in.
On February 19, 2023, around 16 structures of Duksar Dalwa (Duksar Dal), a hamlet almost 45 km uphill from Ramban, suffered serious damage as the land caved in. It crippled road connectivity between Gool and Ramban where almost 500 meters developed cracks, tripped the electric supply and snapped the water supply. Three homes developed cracks forcing authorities to shift the impacted population to safer areas.
Officials said while they are working overtime to resume power and water supplies, they are also improving the Dharam-Salballa road to make it an alternative supply route to the “literally disconnected” area. In the sinking village, the official encouraged the residents to move swiftly to safer spots. For residents, however, the gradual 3-day sinking was a painful watch of their life earnings slowly cracking up and becoming black holes over hills.
It started with a crater that widened to almost 500 meters during two nights, making almost everything around unsafe, unstable and life-threatening. A mosque, Darsgah, the village seminary and the village graveyard were destroyed. Residents quickly exhumed a recently buried body and laid it to rest at a “safe” place.
Officials who visited the spot said the village’s agriculture fields were rendered useless, pushing residents into poverty. They lost homes and their livelihoods too.
The Duksar erasing came less than a fortnight after Doda lost a cluster of houses to a similar instance on February 3, 2023. Located on the foothills on the road to Kishtwar near Thathri, nearly 35 km from Doda, the volunteers, residents and government officials had to quickly shift 117 members of 19 families as the patch of slope housing the Nai Basti cluster gave in within three days. A total of 21 structures cracked and became unsafe.
Horrific Tunnel Collapse
The last horrific tragedy took place on May 19, 2022, when the workers were digging into an adit (minor access to the T3 tunnel) near Khooni Nalla at Ramsu’s Makerkot area. It collapsed over them killing ten workers including two local residents and eight Nepalese labourers. The tragedy struck during the day amid incessant rain but still, only two persons could be rescued alive.
The workers were on the challenging stretch of the national highway between Digdole and Khooni Nallah, which is otherwise notorious for frequent landslides and shooting stones due to fragile geology. It was part of the twin-tube tunnel that would connect Digdole to Panthyal and was implemented by Ceigall India Limited in a JV with Patel Engineering Limited. (The contractor has been imposed a heavy fine.)
The National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) that has taken over the Jammu Srinagar national highway from Border Roads Organisation (BRO), a few years back, is constructing at least five tunnels to bypass the highway’s 3-km “killer’’ stretch from Panthyal to Makerkote. Tunnel T3 is part of this intervention.
Unlike the rest of the highway, the 36-km Banihal Ramban stretch has been the most challenging one and that is why it is still under implementation. On this stretch are six “killer spots” located on a 14-km road stretch and NHAI intends to spend Rs 2000 crore to manage this. Implementation of this would offer some safety from frequent halts owing to shooting stones at Marog, Panthial, Digdol and Battery Chashma.
Triggering Instability
Implementation of these projects is triggering crises for the localities living around them. As many as 13 houses in Sujmatana village near Ramsu were literally devastated. The round-the-clock blasting for the tunnel projects and cutting work made these houses inhospitable after they developed cracks. Most of them have left their unsafe homes and migrated elsewhere. Though officials are looking into the crisis since 2017, it is yet to be settled.
On August 4, 2022, 36 families had a providential escape when their Bassan village in Reasi became the casualty of sinking and erosion at the same time. Without any notice, landslides carried down boulders and muck that crashed the houses and put the agriculture fields out of sight. It was so abrupt, villages said, that they had no time to take their belongings along.
Officials admitted that almost 60 kanals of land sank as another 400 kanals patch was rendered useless. Almost all the fruit trees, mostly walnut and apricot, were engulfed in mud. Almost 200 meters of a PMGSY road was also downthrown by around 25 meters from its actual alignment.
The earlier worst case was reported from Dalwas when on March 28, 2020, the residents fled when their homes and fields were literally buried by landslides. Almost 40 households were impacted.
The village has been there for ages and never experienced any such threat. Then one day it literally disappeared. Residents alleged that being away from Srinagar and Jammu, deep into the mountains they hardly were reported. At one point in time when they wanted to protest, authorities invoked Covid19 concerns to prevent it.
Response Protocol
Over the years, the government response has remained unchanged. Once the reports land that spots are sinking, they as the first quick reaction, send cops, paramilitary, SDRF and revenue officials to oversee and, in most cases, extend help in quick evacuations. In stage two, the respective Deputy Commissioner writes to geologists and the Department of Geology and Mining and, off late, to the Geological Survey of India, who rush their experts to these spots. In the subsequent few days, they study the local rock formations and submit reports, part of which goes to newspapers and by and large the files get closed.
At the same time, files start rolling about relief and rehabilitation. It takes its own time. In many cases, people who lose their homes and livelihoods are yet to be properly rehabilitated.
Invariably, the policymakers and the administrators avoid two vital ingredients of the story – the assessments that the local populations make about the crisis they land in and the wider angle that remains unchanged across the Pir Panchal range.
Resident Assessments
Affected populations are unwilling to accept that these crises are natural. They see them as man-made disasters. Raqeeb Wani, a former Sarpanch of Daskar Dalwa told The Telegraph that his village’s erasing is directly linked to the construction of two railway tunnels downhill, that would link a 3km rail track between Sangaldan and Chaddi. He attributed it to the “continuous blasting” that loosens the soil and adds to the instability of the mountain.
“A few years ago, we had a similar disaster in Sangaldan a few years ago when an entire market caved in,” Wani was quoted as saying. “That also was owing to the railway project.”
In the case of Dalwas, for instance, a former lawmaker from Ramban Ashok Kumar Dogra said the “unscientific planning” of the widening of the national highway is responsible. “The highway authorities started excavation of the road from beneath the village without raising any wall on the side of the village. As no concrete measures were taken by the NHAI to protect the village and debris was also disposed of at the same place, the tragedy was bound to happen and the houses collapsed and the village sank,” Dogra told Outlook. “I will not call it a natural disaster. It was the unplanned construction that destabilised the soil of the whole area, leading to its sinking.”
Right to A Road
Pir Panchal mountain range has remained literally invincible and technically impregnable for centuries. It took decades of thought process and a lot of resources to lay a foot track between Jammu and Srinagar, to have an alternative to Mughal Road. Known to history as the Banihal Cart Road, it was difficult and always retained by Dogra despots as a private route. It remained inaccessible to people till 1922. Till the Jawahar Tunnel was inaugurated, the road would pass over the Banihal pass, the abandoned remnants of which still exist.
This made Kashmir rely on the Jhelum Valley Road (JVR) as the main highway.
Almost 225 residents from 48 households who somehow survived the tragedy moved to another village and are still struggling to pick the threads of their lives. Though life has returned to the village, they are still fighting for an electric supply line and the rebuilding of the school building.
An Upcoming Railway
The road is just not the only thing that is happening deep inside the Pir Panchal mountain range. While the road is being upgraded, there is a railway project in an advanced stage of implementation.
Unlike the road that is being laid over the foothills not far away from the old alignment that also followed a foot track of the eighteenth and nineteenth century, the railway track is passing through a virgin area, part of which has not seen even a bus. For making rail reach Baramulla from Udhampur, the 272-km project is going to cost a whopping Rs 37012 crore of which more than ninety per cent has already been spent.
Work on JVR started in 1880 and was formally thrown open in September 1890, when Maharaja Partap Singh was driven through from Baramulla to Kohala. The construction of this gigantic road project was implemented by a major British Indian contractor M/S Spedding, Mitchell & Co and was overseen by different British engineers at different stretches. While General de Bourbel oversaw everything as the Chief Engineer Kashmir, it was Alexander Atkinsonmanagedmost of the road up to Chakoti (on the other side of LoC now) and a few parts on the Kashmir side; Farrant was in charge of construction between Chakotiand Baramulla; as EG Hebbert supervised its completion in November 1889. Resources apart, it cost too many lives. Between Chakoti and Baramulla, 54 Pathans were killed in four years. Besides, 20 lives were lost to snake bites.
Post-partition, the Banihal Road became arterial and pressure built with a surge in population and demand in Kashmir. For seven decades, this road bore the brunt of all the pressures of travel, demand and consumerism and gave in. The rise of the Kashmir apple added another pressure factor so did the security requirements.
Finally, a stage reached that the health of the national highway was directly linked to the economic well-being of Kashmir. This paved the way for the decision by the Government of India that distances need to be reduced and the highway must be improved so that commuters do not end up spending a day on a 300-km highway.
More than a decade after the first spadework, it is emerging as one of the best roads. There are three major tunnels that have skipped dangerous patches while reducing distance and uphill driving: a set of four small tunnels near Nandni with a combined length of 1.4 km; 9.2 km Chenani-Nashri tunnel has bypassed a gruelling uphill drive and 8.5 km Banihal-Qazigund tunnel is going to tame dangerous Banihal Pass forever.
Distance has dropped from 300 to 270 km and the travel time from 12 to around 5 hours. But the Banihal-Ramban stretch remains a challenge. Earlier, it was merely a technological crisis, now it is a serious ecological issue.
These villagers were fortunate in comparison to the Sadal hamlet of Udhampur which was buried under a massive mudslide at noon on September 6, 2014. Following incessant rains for many days, it triggered massive floods in Kashmir and the rest of the erstwhile state. As many as 41 residents from 65 households were killed by the wee hour mountain collapse that brought an almost 30-foot-thick blanket of rafted rock fragments mud, sludge and rubble.
The rail is already chugging between Udhampur and Katra (25 km) since July 2014, Baramulla to Qazigund (118 km) since October 2009; and Qazigund to Baramulla (18 km) since June 2013. This leaves the most challenging stretch of 111 km between Banihal and Katra to be implemented.
However, the cost of the track does not define the project. It is the work that details the challenge. Nearly 119 km of the entire track will pass through 38 tunnels, the longest of which is 12.77 km long.
What is interesting is that in the 111-km Banihal – Katra track, 97.42 km are tunnels and most of the rest are bridges. Railway officials have to do 163.82 km of tunnelling in total – 66.4 km are escape tunnels – to make the track possible. For making these tunnel spots accessible to men and machines, there is a network of 205 km of roads, which remain busy round the clock.
This track will have 37 bridges – totalling 7 km in length, including the iconic Chenab Bridge, which is tipped to be the highest railway bridge on earth. While this bridge is ready, the current focus is on the first cable-stayed railway bridge on Anji Khad.
With thousands of people working deep inside the mountains with basic cutting and blasting machinery a lot of activity is generated.
There were dozens of instances in which the portions of various tunnels collapsed resulting in either changing the alignment or repairing the damage and restoring the tunnel. In July 2006, an almost 3 km long tunnel on the Udhampur-Katra track gradually started sinking after massive soil swelling on the two ends making it unusable and thus delaying the project. Northern Railways later hired an Austrian consultant, Geo Consult International (GCI), to salvage the project after many years of delay. The causes of the damage were visible to even the then Chief Minister, Ghulam Nabi Azad, who said he saw “a river flowing under the tunnel”.
A number of tunnels between Katra and Sangaldan witnessed “abnormal” water discharge making construction a challenging task. In Sangladan, the managers were shocked when they saw a 500-meter track between two tunnels actually missing one fine morning. Reported in 2006, it destroyed a vast stretch of land on a slope housing as many as 100 structures besides over 400 meters of the road connecting Mahore and Gulabgarh.
In 2016 summer of 2016, authorities shifted 124 families – almost the entire village of Dharam, after the vast patch of land that housed the hamlet caved in within three months. Though the officials attributed it to natural reasons, the residents linked the unprecedented situation to the ongoing work on the railway line passing close to the village.
Oceans In Gorges
Piercing the Pir Panchal mountains for smooth, faster and better communication is just not the only thing happening in the region. Owing to the mighty Chenab, the region is Jammu and Kashmir’s powerhouse. More than 90 per cent of the hydropower potential is restricted to the region owing to the availability of water and enough space to construct dams within the mountain gorges. This has led to a situation where the region holds a massive amount of water in its dams.
The region’s tryst with power generation started late last century with the implementation of the 900-MW Salal power project in Reasi in 1978. The project’s 1.45 million cubic meter dam has created the Salal lake which has the capacity to retain more than 28 million cubic meters of water.
Then came the 390-MW Dul-Hasti Power Project near Kishtwar. It was followed by the 900-MW Baglihar power with 1.8 cubic meters of the dam and an additional reservoir capacity of 39.5 cubic meters – a facility that has created a huge water body in the mountain gorges between Chanderkote belt and Thathri to the extent that certain localities and infrastructures had to be relocated. Quite a few people still live in the highway town of Pul Doda.
The region has many other power projects at different stages of implementation. These include 850-MW Rattle, 100-MW Pakal Dul, 624-MW Kiru, 540-MW Kwar, 800-MW Bursar, and 930-MW Kirthai-II. This is an investment of tens of thousands of crore in mountain gorges on a single river within a river length of fewer than 100 km.
Baglihar is the only project that Jammu and Kashmir’s fully-owned JKSPDC owns. Chenab Valley Power Projects Ltd, a joint venture between JKSPDC and NHPC, India’s hydropower giant, is implementing four power projects – Pakal Dul, Kiru, Kwar and Karthia-II. Salal and Dul Hasti owned fully by NHPC and Ratle is being executed under a fresh JV with JKSPDC in which the latter holds 49 per cent stakes.
Stakes apart, hydropower stations are gigantic projects. These need huge spaces for water storage – even in the case of run-of-the-river schemes, and a lot of tunnelling. All projects have main tunnels, both head race and tail race, and then there are a lot of additional adits and small tunnels for servicing. Even though most of the tunnels and the dams are concrete structures, having such critical infrastructure usually triggers soil erosion and soil swellings too often. The 110-km Batote Kishtwar road has been ailing for all these years. Never in a year could it operate for all 365 days.
Cause versus Consequence?
Science has fundamentally opposed the idea of correlating causes with consequences especially when there is no plausible explanation. In the case of the Pir Panchal region, however, there are striking correlations. For most of recent history, land sliding has been happening around the national highway only. However, in the last decade, land subsidence is a routine and it is happening at all places where developmental activities are going on.
Bhaderwah town and its surroundings are witnessing “region-exclusive” tremors almost every year. In August 2022, there were 21 tremors, reaching up to 3.9 on the Richter scale. Such summer tremors have been there in 2013, 2016, 2017, and 2018. In fact, 2013 was harrowing as the earthquakes touched 5.8 on the Richter scale.
Land patches are caving in at spots closer to some kind of major developmental activity. This is as true with railway projects as it is in road widening projects. Certain spots caved in because works were implemented without a detailed study.
In Sangaldan, for instance, when the railway track collapsed, it was pointed out by geologist Prof GM Bhat that it had been built “on a fossil slide”, which failed to withstand the weight and crumbled down. “We knew it for decades but we were never consulted,” Bhat said. “In this part of the Himalayas, rock types change after every half a kilometre.”
A respected geologist, Bhat insists that developmental activities can take place in any space that is as fragile as Pir Panchal but it needs adequate pre-implementation study and proper implementation mechanism.
“In the four-laning of the highway, the crisis would have been manageable had there been least vertical cuts,” Bhat said. “Impounding so much of water (in power projects dams) within a small patch has the potential of inducing earthquakes.” He insists that the managers of the water projects must ensure better maintenance of the tunnels or these could become a serious crisis in future.
Bhat, however, sees society also going unruly. “In Banihal near the Mahu Mangat side, a hillock is a completely populated town now,” he said. “Has anybody tried to verify where the waste goes? Are we expecting a major crisis in the coming days when the hill will cave in because of seepage?”
The region is a risky belt given its fragile geology. The upcoming railway line is built over three major active geological fault lines: the Main Boundary Thrust (between Udhampur and Katra), the Muree Thrust (between Baglihar and Sangaldan) and the Panjal Thrust (between Digdol and Mahu Mangat). “I never say railway tracks cannot cross fault lines but I believe that had local expertise been involved, extensive fieldwork would have reduced the costs and perfected the alignment”. Entire Jammu and Kashmir is classified as seismic zone-V, the highest earthquake-prone area. CAG has already done a thick report on the resources that were wasted because of the geological surprises that erupted after various rail projects were implemented. Parts of the alignment were changed and completed works were abandoned.
A fault line actually passes through the centre of the Baghlihar dam and most other reservoirs are very close to the fault lines underneath. “A dam burst will be worse than the earthquake itself,” Bhat, who retired recently after heading the University of Jammu’s Geology Department for a long time, said. Interestingly, the area is reporting an increased incidence of cloudbursts, seen as an indicator of climate change. “One major cloudburst near a dam can trigger unprecedented devastation.”
One such cloudburst on July 28, 2021, almost decimated Honzer, a hamlet concealed within inaccessible mountains of remote Dacchan, killing 26 residents. The bodies of almost 18 of the victims were never found.
Many geologists who studied Dalwa fall attributed the land subsidence to water seepage, and extensive cutting of steep slopes. They have suggested a robust urban land use plan, a prerequisite for any activity, especially in hilly areas.
submitted by Meaning-Plenty to Kashmiri [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 11:21 miarrial NIGER : des cités antiques au bord de l'oubli

NIGER : des cités antiques au bord de l'oubli

AprĂšs des heures de route dans le dĂ©sert nigĂ©rien, elles surgissent comme des mirages au milieu d'une palmeraie enchevĂȘtrĂ©e. Des forteresses de sel et d'argile dressĂ©es sur des Ă©perons rocheux, assiĂ©gĂ©es par les sables.

DerriÚre les murailles crénelées, sommeillent des ruelles tortueuses, des tours de gardes, des galeries souterraines, des passerelles, des greniers, des puits, témoignages du génie de bùtisseurs oubliés.
Des gĂ©nĂ©rations de voyageurs ont rĂȘvĂ© devant les ruines des forts du Djado, situĂ©s Ă  plus de 1.300km de Niamey, au nord-est du Niger. Sans jamais rĂ©soudre leurs Ă©nigmes.
Qui a bùti ces "ksars", villages fortifiés bùtis en pierre saliÚre dont les vestiges hantent les oasis du Kawar, une région désertique et isolée au nord est du Niger ? A quelle époque ? Et pourquoi ont-ils été abandonnés ?
Aucune fouille, aucune datation scientifique n'a jamais été entreprise dans la zone pour répondre définitivement à ces questions.
Chercheurs et touristes ont déserté depuis vingt ans cette région troublée qui jouxte les frontiÚres de la Libye et du Tchad, à cause de l'insécurité. Le Kawar, jadis un important noeud des routes caravaniÚres, est aujourd'hui un couloir des trafics d'armes et de drogue transsahariens.
"Depuis 2002, il n'y a plus de touristes Ă©trangers. Dans le temps oĂč le tourisme allait bien, c'Ă©tait un potentiel Ă©conomique pour la communautĂ©", dĂ©plore Sidi Aba Laouel, maire de la commune de Chirfa, qui englobe les sites du Djado.
La découverte de gisements d'or dans la zone en 2014 a donné un nouveau souffle à la commune et attiré des ressortissants de toute l'Afrique de l'ouest, ainsi qu'une nuée de bandits qui ont leurs repaires dans les montagnes voisines. Les ruines n'intéressent guÚre ces nouveaux visiteurs.

Razzias dévastatrices

Le maire préfÚre ne pas s'avancer sur l'histoire du patrimoine communal. Il s'en réfÚre à de vieilles photocopies enfouies dans le placard de son bureau: celles d'un ouvrage d'Albert le Rouvreur, un militaire français qui fut en poste à Chirfa à l'époque coloniale et tenta sans succÚs d'élucider le mystÚre.
A l'arrivée des premiers Européens en 1906, les ksars avaient perdu leur utilité. Celle de protéger les habitants contre les razzias et les invasions qui ont dévasté la région pendant des siÚcles.
Les Sao, un peuple animiste Ă©tabli dans la rĂ©gion depuis l'antiquitĂ©, sont les premiers occupants connus du Kawar, et peut-ĂȘtre Ă  l'origine de ses premiĂšres fortifications. Mais les toitures de palme qui subsistent ici et lĂ  dans les ruines de Djado, semblent indiquer des constructions plus rĂ©centes.
Entre le 13Úme et le 15Úme siÚcle, les Kanouri s'établirent dans la zone. Leurs oasis furent ravagées aux 18Úme et 19Úme siÚcles par les raids successifs des nomades touaregs, arabes et toubou. Ces derniers prirent racine au Djado et y établirent l'un de leurs fiefs, jusqu'à l'arrivée des militaires français qui conquirent définitivement la zone en 1923.
Kanouri et Toubou sont aujourd'hui métissés, mais les autorités traditionnelles de la région, les "maï", sont encore issues des grandes lignées kanouri. Elles sont les propriétaires coutumiers des ksars et dépositaires de la tradition orale, susceptible d'apporter des éléments de réponse.
Kiari Kelaoui Abari Chegou, "maĂŻ" de Bilma et de son ksar en ruines, s'est toutefois heurtĂ© aux mĂȘmes Ă©nigmes que les voyageurs de passage. "MĂȘme nos grands pĂšres ne savaient pas. On n'a pas gardĂ© nos archives " dĂ©plore-t-il.

Vestiges menacés

Trois cents kilomÚtres plus au sud, un autre joyau du patrimoine régional repose dans les creux d'une mer de dunes.
L'oasis de Fachi est célÚbre pour sa forteresse et sa vieille ville, aux murs quasi intacts. Quelques emplacements symboliques de l'ancienne cité sont encore utilisés pour les cérémonies traditionnelles. Le muezzin de la localité en est l'ultime habitant.
L'autorité traditionnelle de Fachi, Kiari Sidi Tchagam, estime l'ùge de sa forteresse à "au moins 200 ans ". Nombre de ksars dans les autres pays sahariens furent effectivement bùtis entre le 17Úme et le 18Úme siÚcle.
"Selon les informations que nous avons reçu, il y avait un arabe qui était venu de la Turquie, c'est lui qui a donné l'idée aux gens de construire ce fort là", assure-t-il.
A Dirkou, oĂč se trouvent les ruines d'un autre ville ancienne, c'est Agi Marda Taher, ancien dĂ©putĂ©, qui fait autoritĂ© sur l'histoire du patrimoine local. D'aprĂšs lui, les Turcs Ă©tablis dans la Libye voisine, furent impliquĂ©s dans la construction de plusieurs ksars et notamment ceux du Djado.
Les Kanouri auraient ensuite érigé leurs propres fortifications à Dirkou, Bilma, et Fachi, les principales oasis de la région.
Une fierté pour leurs descendants, inquiets pour la sauvegarde de ces fragiles architectures de sel menacées par les pluies. "Il est vraiment impératif d'inscrire ça au patrimoine mondial de l'Unesco. On se retrouve à travers ce fort là, ça fait partie de notre culture, de toute notre histoire", estime Kiari Sidi Tchagam.
Depuis 2006, les fortins du Djado végÚtent sur une liste indicative en vue d'une éventuelle demande d'inscription au patrimoine mondial de l'Unesco.
Abandonnées dans le silence du désert, les citadelles défendent encore leurs héritiers contre l'oubli.
submitted by miarrial to francophonie [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 07:29 thumper386 Jeep trouble starting and multiple warnings?

Hey y’all hopefully someone can help me get an idea what’s going on with my Jeep Grand Cherokee Limited 2006 4x4 V8 4.7
Sometimes it won’t start up and I’ll need to turn the key to ACC position (or all the way off multiple times) for a minute or two then start again.
I’ll get a Trans Over Temp warning that comes and goes but engine temp gauge is fine and I’ve had the transmission checked with a laser thermometer which read normal. Also Service 4wd and Service Park Assist. All gears RNDP will be selected/circled on the dash.
Sometimes when this happens it will drive but in limp mode, sometimes it’s normal.
The battery is new (6 months) and got a new solenoid installed (6 months) which was supposed to fix the problem.
Most of the time she runs perfectly but this happens maybe every 10 days lately.
submitted by thumper386 to mechanic [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 06:56 Ok_Caterpillar_3458 How is my venus placement in the chart?

Is it a good placement for venus?
submitted by Ok_Caterpillar_3458 to vedicastrology [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 04:01 Pristine_Whereas_552 2006 r6 problems pls help

So I bought a 2006 r6 for $1,000, I thought it was too good to be true as the only problems I had been told about it was the battery and the right handlebar, Well I ordered the new handlebars, As well as got a new battery for it, the dashboard now lights up and I can hear the fuel pump upon turning the key. There are 2 codes popping up, 11 and 12. Everytime I press the ignition switch I just hear a click coming from the starter relay, so I cleaned that out, as well as the ignition switch. The codes went away along with the check engine light but now i don’t even get a clicking noise from the relay when I press the ignition switch, I am beyond confused tbh as I have only ever worked on my dirtbikes and I’m kinda just trying to learn my bike and fix it myself rather than take it to a shop. Any knowledge or info would help please
submitted by Pristine_Whereas_552 to motorcycles [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 03:58 Pristine_Whereas_552 Help pls 2006 r6 project bike

Help pls 2006 r6 project bike
So I bought a 2006 r6 for $1,000, I thought it was too good to be true as the only problems I had been told about it was the battery and the right handlebar, Well I ordered the new handlebars, As well as got a new battery for it, the dashboard now lights up and I can hear the fuel pump upon turning the key. There are 2 codes popping up, 11 and 12. Everytime I press the ignition switch I just hear a click coming from the starter relay, so I cleaned that out, as well as the ignition switch. The codes went away along with the check engine light but now i don’t even get a clicking noise from the relay when I press the ignition switch, I am beyond confused tbh as I have only ever worked on my dirtbikes and I’m kinda just trying to learn my bike and fix it myself rather than take it to a shop. Any knowledge or info would help please
submitted by Pristine_Whereas_552 to motorcycle [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 02:04 CelesteDobbs Rise Up John Wesley Dobbs, Florida inmate no. C00618

June 6, 2023
Rise Up John Wesley Dobbs, Florida inmate no. C00618
The world-famous political prisoner King U combats Florida's hidden Antebellum policies Now representing John Dobbs attorney Mr. Reres Sr. Update: By Mrs. Celeste Dobbs
The world-famous political prisoner King U combats Florida's hidden Antebellum policies John W. Dobbs, Florida inmate no. C00618 aka Universal aka King U I'm a political prisoner based on 4the fact that my imprisonment is not by legal construction. But instead based on the preferences of people who have obtained social and public support by trickery. And this support has the effect of placing them with the full might of the U.S. Government enforcing their favors and my illegal detainment. An unconstitutional union of Florida officials are secretly exercising Antebellum practices and are using intimidation amongst their peers to exercise their wills. King U John W. Dobbs John W. Dobbs Florida DC# C00618 9th Judicial Circuit Court of Orange County case# 48-2006-CF-015201-O The listing of events is compiled from several of John. Dobbs’ prior efforts to get justice. The uncontested facts hold that: Petitioner and his then girlfriend Deann Washington were visiting the State of Florida, when they stopped at a topless bar called Thee Doll House. Inside the club the couple met William Troy IIII and briefly engaged in a not at all hostile, but not quite polite conversation.
At closing time, the couple left the club and sew Troy with 3 or 4 other men, they were intoxicated. Petitioner’s vehicle and the vehicle transporting Troy’s party was parked six parking spaces apart. One or more from Troy’s party yelled to the couple something to the effect of they needed security to walk them out. Initially the statement appears lighthearted. John is entering his car when Troy’s friend and employee Andre Blanco starts to approach the passenger side of the couple’s vehicle. John’s girlfriend being the passenger, points out that one of them is walking over. John asks her to stay in the car, leaves the driver side, and walks around the back of the car to meet him. When Andre Blanco arrives, a fight initiated between them which all parties and witnesses perceive as a fist fight. The fight takes place close to the rear passenger side of John’s vehicle. Almost instantly. Andre Blanco is Knocked down and Francisco Gotay approaches John evades the punches and strikes Francisco Gotay with what all parties and witnesses perceive as fists. After being knocked down Andre Blanco swiftly recovers and attacks Petitioner from behind. John’s girlfriend exits the vehicle and enters the fight to help John, as Anthony Riollano and William Troy IIII approach. The couple hears someone yell ‘get her ‘ or get the girl.’ It’s around this time that one of them appears to get seriously injured and John concedes to starting to use his pocketknife, as Deanna Washington is grabbed by Anthony Riollano and tossed to the side ending her feeble attempts to ward them off. Next Riollano goes after John approaching John from behind, while he was confronted by at least one other of Riollano’s party, grabs John from the side by his shirt collar and strikes him on the head and neck several times. As members of his party feel they are unable to continue, Riollano, not knowing why the fight has stopped, but recognizing that it has, stops hitting John. Both Blanco and Gotay notice they are bleeding and don’t know why.
John gets up and the couple get in their car, and William Troy falls to the ground due to stab wounds. Andre Blanco and Francisco then realize they were stabbed. As the couple leaves the parking lot a truck, they believe to be occupied by one of their assailants try to run them off the road. Hanzel Holiday a valet from the club across the street, was not a witness to the incident, yet claim to have struck John’s vehicle twice in order to run the couple off the road, because his supervisor, Phillip Allen Westfall, the valet for Thee Doll House told him to stop their car. On third attempt Holiday notices John with a gun pointed in the direction of his attack, so he stops pursuit. William Troy died as a result of his stab wounds. John received multiple injuries six cuts. While John claims to have seen one of them swinging something shiny, which he perceived as a knife, and security for the club, Justin Idle, claims to have seen one of the men hitting John with what he believes may have been a key. All witnesses deny seeing John with a knife during the altercation. John, the only African American male in the fight, was also the only man arrested, and accused of a criminal act. Blanco, Gotay and Holiday each have multiple felony convictions, Troy had been convicted of battery on a law enforcement officer: and on the night of the incident Blanco was on probation. John who himself had one prior felony conviction, alerted the arresting office of his self-defense claim. Sign his petition on amku.org
Thank You
 Frequently Asked Questions 
If Florida ‘ Stand Your Ground Law ‘ is equally available to citizens under Florida jurisdiction some of the questions that arrive basic on the evidence are:
1.) Why was he the only man arrested for a fight that all witness sworn stated as a fist fight between him and a least 4 intoxicated men who relentlessly approached him?
2.) Does race have anything to do with it?
3.) Does he have the right to protect his girlfriend for what can be reasonably preceded as acts of aggression?
4.) How is it possible to find he didn’t act in defense of himself and his lady, when no reasonable evidence existed that the men who approached them might no harm?
5.) If the statement (you need security to walk you and your girl out) can be perceived as a threat how is it not evidence of his innocent?
6.) Why wasn’t Andre Blanco arrested for violating; for his part in the altercation being that he was dunk and on probation in a state were mere police contact usually results in violation?
7.) Why did the prosecutor allow Andre Blanco to change sworn statements from proceeding to proceeding without explanation?
8.) If the only evidence of aggravated battery against Andre Blanco comes from actions, Andre Blanco testified there was no evidence of, until after Blanco ran up grab him by the back of the neck and started hitting him; How is that not self-defense?
9.) If the only evidence of Aggravated battery against Fransico Gotay comes from actions Gotay testified occurred only after Gotay ran at him swinging to hit him; How is that not self-defense?
10.) If the only evidence of aggravated assault against Hansel Holiday comes from actions Holiday testified occurred only after Holiday was attempting to strike his car and run him off the road for the thirty time; How is that not self- defense?
11.) If Andre Blanco testified that immediately after being hit with what seems like a really hard punch, Blanco gets up runs grabs him by the back of the neck and starts hitting him; and, Fransico Gotay testified that immediately after Blanco falls from being hit with a good punch, Gotay runs up and starts swinging at him. and, Riollano testified that at the time that Riollano approached him and started hitting him in the neck and head, he was still fighting at least one of Riollano’s friends. And, William Troy enter the fight sometime in between. How can they say the fights were one on one.
13.) Why were Fransico Gotay, Anthony Riollano, and Hanzel Holiday treated by the State Attorney’s Office as if their attacking the couple at the couple car was lawful when they claim to have no knowledge of why the fight started or who throw the first punch; Thus, no knowledge of whether they were in the right or wrong?
14.) How is it that he was convicted of murdering William Troy and his conviction is upheld when the only evidence is that William Troy was the 3 or 4 men to enter the fight against him, and his claim to have stab Troy in self-defense?
15.) Why was the jury led to believe that he had to try to avoid the danger before he had the right to stand his ground?
16.) Why wasn’t the State required to answer any of these questions on appeal?
17.) Why wasn’t he granted an Evidential Hearing basic on any of his claims in the Federal Court?
18.) If the police was called before anyone was believed to have been stabbed and Deputy Herbert Mercado testified at the Adversary Preliminary Hearing referring to him as the victim twice.
Doesn’t that mean that the recordings of the 911 calls that were destroyed were evidence of his actual innocents?
19.) Does this mean that Florida law enforcement knows that he is innocent?
20.) Does the wealth of William Troy’s and Anthony Riollano’s family's have anything to do with it.
21.) Is there a conspiracy to deny a innocent man his rights?
22.) If a white man fought off 4 or 5 drunk black men, who told him he needed security, and surrounded him and his girlfriend, outside his car in the parking lot of a strip club, at 2:00 in the morning; Wouldn’t he be a hero?
23.) Are Clerks of Court being paid to sabotage cases in Florida. a.) A Clark of the court filed the unsigned Charge Information. b.) On Direct Appeal they was no judge signature on the ‘Denial .‘ c.) It was a Clerk who allowed incorrect DOC number to remain on his docket for months despite the number of complaints. d.) It was a Clerk of Court that removed 15 pages of his ‘Argument' from his petition for Federal Habeas Corpus. e.) And now the Clerk of Court who denied his State Habeas Corpus without any reason again in the Direct Court of Appeal.
They didn’t put the initial provocation instruction in George Zimmerman jury instruction.
 Read proof of his innocents on his website 
americanmekinguniversal.org and/or amku.org read court transcripts, and subtitle; Must Read, John's story in his own words " American Me Law vs. Law Enforcement " and give him an emergency release. Too many Florida officials are manipulating the system solely for their own personal prejudices and then having justice denied to avoid lawsuits. A favor for a favor tradition, Regardless of constitutional propriety. Many have gotten more severe sentencing when facts are manipulated at trail. Some were just been plain railroad. This system within the system is so embedded that the Feds are scared to touch it, especially because of the financial ramifications. A federal investigation is sorely needed, men like my son who have been ignored and lack opportunities to received justice in Florida that only money can buy. Thank You
submitted by CelesteDobbs to u/CelesteDobbs [link] [comments]

2023.06.07 00:16 Blown_motor Car needs to be jumped every couple of days but alternator and battery are new.

Car: Nissan Altima (4cyl) 2006 Mi: 230,626
Problem: Car will get jumped then dies a couple days later
Voltages while engine idle ‱Battery: 12.6 ‱Alternator: 12.6
Voltage with all accessories on and @ 2k rpm ‱Battery: 12.6 ‱Alternator: 12.6
Both checked with a multimeter
‱Checked ground for Alternator and its good same for Battery ground ‱Checked fuses there also good ‱Dropped Battery off at shop to see if it could hold a charge and they said it was holding it
And not sure if this info is of any use but i also tried using an obd2 scanner to check Alternator and battery. The Alternator failed the test and as for the battery the scanner said it was unable to complete the test for it (never had it tell me that before).
submitted by Blown_motor to MechanicAdvice [link] [comments]

2023.06.06 23:10 Lgbqkid2 Is this rare?

Is this rare
submitted by Lgbqkid2 to NintendoDS [link] [comments]

2023.06.06 21:36 meshflesh40 The more 7840u devices come out... The more I'm convinced to keep my 6800u GPD win 4

I know im in yhe minority here. But i run my GPD win 4 strictly at 10w.
I do emulation sega Saturn/ps2/gamecube. And i mostly play games from the 2010s era off of steam at 720p/1080p.
So right off the bat. Steam deck has the best 10w performance out of every pc handheld In 2023.
Rog ally at 10 watts 720p/1080p is ok. But pointless since the steam deck has better performance at 10w than the ally for only $400. And add to the fact that the rogue Ally is the same size physically as a steam deck and has the same small battery. It seems like the rog Ally is a "stop-gap" temporary device that was designed without longevity in mind.
So that leaves me with my gpd win 4. Its portable and smaller than the other handhelds,, has enough screen density to display 720p respectively. Good battery. And windows/keyboard which gives me maximum emulation compatibility. And the dpad and buttons are the best I've seen in any of these types of devices. The new 7840u processors doesn't seem to offer any performance advantages at 10w.
So for me in particular...im staying with the GPD win 4. What about you guys?? Does the rog ally and other 7840u devices seem tempting to you?
submitted by meshflesh40 to gpdwin [link] [comments]

2023.06.06 18:32 Wolfofthepack1511 Is it possible to Jack this up to replace a wheel hub assembly?

Is it possible to Jack this up to replace a wheel hub assembly?
My girlfriend has this 2007 Saturn Vue 3.6L V6, it's rusted on the frame/subframe mounting bracket. She currently has it held up with ratchet straps for extra support. Due to medical bills and unexpected life stuff, we haven't been able to save for a new vehicle just yet. We think either her cv joint or wheel bearing is bad, and she needs new brakes, but what I'm wondering is is it safe to even Jack up like this to look or replace? She's still paying off this car as she got it for $6,000 at andy mohr kia in Indiana at 26% apr... I want her to be safe, but a new vehicle isn't an option for us right now and I just want to know if we can get her by for a bit until wr have the money for a $1000 down payment
submitted by Wolfofthepack1511 to MechanicAdvice [link] [comments]

2023.06.06 17:34 rattlingblanketwoman [WTS][USA-NC][H] Tin Hifi P1, T2 Pro, T2 Plus, C2; NiceHCK NX7, ANew X-One, LZ A6, Noble Falcon Pro TWS, Beats Studio Buds, old DAPs, JDS OL DAC, Audio Technica LS200, Foam/Gel tip lot, Hifiman RE-262, Moondrop Lan, Tangzu Wan'Er, HBB Blon Z300 AND MORE [W] Paypal (incl G&S)

Timestamp that pictures everything I will be selling today
These and more items can be found on my github page which also provides cross references for feedback.


IEMs and earbuds

Wireless buds and TWS

Sources (DAC/DAP/AMP)


submitted by rattlingblanketwoman to AVexchange [link] [comments]

2023.06.06 15:19 panipuritemptations What placements in my chart is making me gravitate towards Atheism ( gradually ). Insights on this chart welcome

submitted by panipuritemptations to vedicastrology [link] [comments]